Before sowing / planting of seeds / seedlings, the land has to be prepared well by tilling. Generally land is tilled by local plough or a power tiller. Presently in Bangladesh, land is tilled mostly by power tiller. Expenditure per acre (in Bangladeshi Taka) involved in land preparation is shown in the below table (Click on the images to enlarge). Production cost survey for Aman crop was carried out in March, 2009.
The average per acre land preparation cost for combined Aman crop in Bangladesh is recorded at Tk. 1826. Land preparation cost is the lowest at Tk 1329 for Broadcast Aman and is the highest at Tk.2170 for transplanted Hybrid Aman. Khulna and Rajshahi divisions spent more than average cost on land preparation compared to other four divisions in Bangladesh. It is observed that in all divisions except Chitagong and Dhaka, land preparation cost is higher in Hybrid Aman compared to other varieties.
It is observed from the table above that the average per acre land preparation cost for Broadcast Aman crop in Bangladesh is Tk. 1329. A large portion (about 80%) of expenditure for land preparation goes to the mechanized power tiller in all the divisions in the country. And Dhaka division spent more than national average cost on land preparation compared to other divisions.
The below table provides that the average per acre land preparation cost for Local transplanted Aman crop in Bangladesh is Tk. 1528. Most of the land under Local transplanted Aman is cultivated by the mechanized power tiller (81%), while Barisal and Sylhet divisions experience traditional plough as well.
It is apparent from the above table that the average per acre land preparation cost for HYV Aman crop in Bangladesh is Tk. 2044 and it varies on various divisions. From above data it is clear that all divisions except Dhaka and Khulna are still dependent on the traditional plough system.
The table above depicts that per acre average land preparation cost is Tk 2170 and a significant variations exists between the divisions. It is seen that Barisal, Khulna and Rajshahi divisions spent more than average cost on land preparation for hybrid Aman. It is also mentionable that Sylhet division has no traditional system.
The table above gives an apparent picture of per acre land preparation cost for combined Aman paddy by division and by the type of cultivation. It is found from the table that Tk. 1826 is the average cost for per acre land preparation for combined Aman. All divisions in Bangladesh except are still dependent on traditional plough system.
‘Others’ means sometimes farmers prepare lands by spades. At national level, percentage of land preparation cost by country plough, power tiller and others are 13.47%, 78.20% and 8.32% respectively and it is evident that lion’s share of expenditure for land preparation goes to the mechanized power tilling system.
source: BBS BD
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