Bangladesh is an agriculture based country. Agriculture has a great contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country. The land of Bangladesh by birth possesses very fertile in which diversified crops grow easily. Various types of crops are produced in this country. These crops might have been categorized into two types such as Food crops and Cash crops. Rice is the staple food of the people of Bangladesh. There are three types of paddy namely Aus, Aman and Boro, there is another cereal crop, wheat are produced in this country also, which are called major cereal crops.
One of the major cereal crops of Bangladesh – Aman Paddy:
The paddy which is harvested in the month of November and December is said to be Aman paddy. Two types of Aman paddy are grown in this country. One is called broadcast Aman which is sown in the month of mid March to mid April in the low lands and another is transplant Aman, which is planted during late June to August. All types of land excepting low lands are brought under Aman cultivation where planting of seedlings is possible. It is purely a tropical monsoon rain dependent crop.
Broadcast Aman / Local transplant Aman: This type of Aman has been cultivating in Bangladesh from time immemorial. Though local variety paddy gives lower yield rate, but its rice tastes good and its nutrition value is more.
High yielding variety (HYV) Aman: The name HYV has been originated for its high yielding capacity. HYV Aman is transplanted generally in the flood free zone. Due to increasing demand of cereals local variety is being replaced by HYV. If monsoon rain favours, it does not normally demand irrigation and gives high yield rate.
Hybreed Aman: There is another type of Aman paddy in the country which is called Hybreed Aman. The planting and harvesting time of Hybreed Aman is the same as that of HYV Aman. It has brought revolutionary change in respect of yield rate.
About the Production of Aman rice:
Bangladesh occupies most lands of the great Bengal plane of the Gangs Delta with affluent alluvial soils. Moreover, it is a riverine area with plentiful water resources with hot and humid monsoon climate. It is a country of tropical monsoon rain. Monsoon rain occurs normally between the months of June to September. However the condition of Bangladesh is blissful for growing Aman paddy. Aman paddy is a rain dependent crop. If the nature favors, farmers get a good harvest. Acreage, production and yield rate of Aman rice for last ten years are shown in the screenshot of the Table below.
Acreage, Production and yield rate of Aman rice during the last ten years:
The table above shows that Aman crop is normally cultivated in an area of about 14 million acres. But heavy rains and floods in the years 1998-99, 2004-05, 2005-06, 2006-07 and floods and super cyclone Sidr in 2007-08 damaged the crop area to a significant extent.
Due to declined crop areas in those years, production figures have decreased. Ups and downs in respect of yield rate during the last ten years are observed because of favorable and unfavorable weather condition with fluctuating tropical monsoon rains.
source: BBS BD
other related posts: