Pro poor Technologies:
The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper has emphasized fisheries as a supplementary, but important element as a mission for pro-poor growth. Poor and vulnerable group may obtain the benefits of any technologies adjusting to the availability of their resources. However, a number of technologies developed by BFRI are specialized and pro-poor.
The notable technologies are; GIFT culture, Rajputi culture, cage culture, rice-fish culture, nursing of PL, carp nursery, etc. The noted technologies are suitable to adjust in the homestead ponds, seasonal ponds and seasonal floodplains and ponds and ditches of low water level. Poor and vulnerable community can harness the benefit of those technologies for family nutrition, household income thus to improve their livelihoods.
Research projects on various issues implemented in collaboration with WorldFish Center, Bangladesh Fisheries Research Forum (BFRF), Universities and NGOs. In partnership they successfully demonstrated the easy accessibility of technologies to poorer or poor and vulnerable group at low investment. The important technologies under this item are; Nursing of spawn to fish seed in small scale, Decentralized fish seed production in rice fields, Fingerling rearing in cages in culture condition of ponds, Shrimp PL rearing in closed cages and Fattening of mud crabs in coastal areas. All these technologies are easy to adopt and can provide employment opportunities for woman.
Gender impact of fisheries:
Traditionally, Bangladeshi women are accustomed with the agricultural activities, especially at the post harvest stage of the production process. Fisheries have always been perceived a male dominated activities. It is not easy to involve Muslim women directly in fishing activities. Recent interventions on targeted women have shown that they can offer more to the sector if they involved properly in the activities. Destitute women and women of cast and ethnic group traditionally help their male partners in fishing management activities in the form of repairing of gears, crafts, fish basket making; shorting of fishes, fish drying and processing; and carrying to the shortened distances.
Participatory projects have been able to demonstrate that women can organize and operate fish culture activities in homestead ponds and ditches, fingerlings rearing in cages, shrimp fry rearing in net cages, crabs fattening in bamboo baskets and play key role in the project through enterprise development. Women enjoy equal rights of membership in group and contribute in decision making, help in management of sanctuaries, keeping watch on the fisheries to protect from poaching.
BFRI under its technology dissemination process trained women group on pond fish culture, pearl culture including other management aspects of aquaculture. Trained women have been able to insertion of nucleus in freshwater muscles for pearl culture in ponds. In some areas women successfully demonstrated their skills in small scale GIFT culture, silver barb culture, rice-fish culture in homestead ponds and small scale cage farming. Women are also involved in door to door fish Vandering locally.
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