A century old government organization started functioning from1862 with: Imperial Forest Service, Provincial Forest Service and Sub-ordinate Forest Service. Before partition under British India in 1947, the forests of Bangladesh were under the control of: Bengal Forest Department and Assam Forest Department. After partition of British India, East Pakistan Forest Service was created comprising: East Pakistan Senior Forest Service and East Pakistan Sub-ordinate Forest Service.
Responsibility for forestry was passed to the Bangladesh Forest Department after the independence of Bangladesh in 1971. Bangladesh Senior Forest Service was renamed as Bangladesh Civil Service (Forest) Cadre under Bangladesh Civil Service Cadre Rules, 1980.
Re-organization of Forest Department:
The forestry is a biological phenomenon deals with plants and animals of various forms. As an organization, Forest Department has multi-dimensional functions of forest resource conservation and management, protection and management of biodiversity and watersheds along with economic and ecological development of the country. For the sustainable management of country’s forest wealth, efficient and adequate manpower together with logistics is a prerequisite.
There were 7385 revenue posts in the Forest Department, which have been increased to 8681 with the reorganization of the Forest Department in the year 1999. The reorganization of the Department with the enhancement of the posts shall facilitate to implement the objectives set in the National Forestry Policy. The Government of Bangladesh formulated Forestry Sector Master Plan (FSMP) in 1993.
The objectives of the FSMP are to optimizing the contribution of forest resources for environmental stability and socio-economic development through people-oriented forestry programs.
The new Forest Policy was promulgated in 1994 responsive to implement and materialize FSMP directives and recommendations.
Major Programs of FSMP are:
- People-oriented Programs.
- Production-Directed Programs.
- Institutional Strengthening.
Following issues are the pre-requisite in order to achieve FSMP objectives and for management, expansion, conservation and development of the forest resources:
- Good policy directives and legislation.
- Infrastructure development.
- Institutional reform.
The administrative head of Forest Department is the Chief Conservator of Forest (CCF). The Forest Department is divided into 4 wings considering magnitude of the works and line of jurisdiction. Each wing is administered by a Deputy Chief Conservator of Forest (DCCF).
The Wings are:
- Forest Management Wing
- Social Forestry Wing
- Planning Wing
- Education and Training Wing
There are 9 Circles in the Forest Departments; each circle is headed by a Conservator of Forest (CF).
The Circles are:
- 5- Forest Management Circles
- 3-Social Forest Circles and
- 1-Wildlife and Nature Conservation Circle
Similarly there are 44 Forest Divisions; each division is headed by a Divisional Forest officer (DFO) / (DCF)
- 24-Forest Management Divisions
- 13-Social Forest Divisions
- 4-Wildlife Management and Nature Conservation Divisions and
- 3-Management Plan Divisions
Source: Web portal of Bangladesh Forest Department.
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