A little History and Background of the BJRI:
The Bangladesh Jute Research Institute is an oldest mono-crop research institute in the country. Jute Research was first started in Dhaka with the creation of a Fiber Expert’s position and assumption of the responsibility by Sir R.S. Finlow in 1904 under the Bengal Department of Agriculture (1904-1939). To intensify research on jute and allied fibers, Jute Agricultural Research Laboratory (JARL) was established by the Indian Central Jute Committee (ICJC) in Dhaka in 1939. During 1936-47 the effective infrastructure required for a board spectrum of Jute Research activities was established.
After the partition of India in 1947, in the light of erstwhile ICJC. Pakistan Central Jute Committee (PCJC) in turn reorganized the existing JARL was Jute Research Institute (JRI) at the present site in 1951. Later on in 1963 jute technological/industrial research activities/industrial research activities were initiated in the present site as an independent body in the name of Jute Technological Research Board with the help of the then Pakistan Jute Mills Association. Consequently it was amalgamated in the PCJC as agile organization as a separate project with the different budget provision including foreign currency allocation. Subsequently, Bangladesh Government promulgated the jute act in 1974 (modified in 1996) as established Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI).
To perform the functions, the Institute has three main branches, namely.
- Agriculture Research on Jute.
- Technological Research on Jute, and
- Jute and Textile Product Development Research
After the liberation of Bangladesh in 1971 Jute Sector was taken up with special and realistic approach. The Bangladesh Govt. promulgated the Jute Act in 1974 and established Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI) with specific mandate which was modified in 1996 with the following major functions.
- To organize production, testing and supply of improved pedigree of jute seeds and multiplication, procurement and their distribution to recognized organization, selected growers and such other agencies as may be approved by the Board.
- To set up research centers, sub-stations, pilot projects and farms in different regions of the country for carrying out research on different problems of jute and allied fiber crops, jute products and allied materials.
- To establish project areas for demonstration of new varieties of jute developed by the institute and to train the farmers for cultivation of these varieties of jute.
- To establish annual reports, monographs, bulletins, and other literatures relating to jute research and the activities of the institute.
- To organize training of officers and progressing farmers on modern improvement method of cultivation of jute and allied fiber crops and also to train technical hands for utilization of technological findings and
- To do and perform such other activities as may be necessary for the purposes of this Act.
Future Plan of the BJRI:
Jute is very important to the economy of Bangladesh. It is a leading cash crop and still a major source of foreign exchange. Jute provides employment to a considerable labor force; at least 30% of the population is involved in raising the crop. The government earns much revenue from the jute sector. The crop itself improves soil fertility, and its sticks are indispensable to the farmers for fuel, fencing and thatching. Jute is used to manufacture traditional products and packaging materials. The industrial products based on jute are environment friendly and have a world-wide popularity. The use of jute for paper pulp and Geo-textile has improved the possibilities for extensive use.
Nevertheless, jute in Bangladesh has started to suffer. Due to uncertain weather conditions, land scarcity, high input cost and an unfavorable jute-rice price ratio, jute is being pushed to less productive land. Low output prices and insufficient marketing support and extension services affect the jute cultivation and the export earnings. Future research on jute should meet those challenges and hence BJRI envisions the following:
- Development of high yielding varieties for favorable ecosystems, with short duration, early sowing, and light or temperature tolerance. The yield should at least be 3-4 MT per hectare. Recent breakthroughs in biotechnology will be exploited. This will also help to reduce production cost. Emphasis will be given to varieties with improved fiber quality.
- Development of varieties for adverse environment: reasonably high yielding varieties tolerant to soil salinity, flooding depth of about 30 cm and drought and varieties for coastal and hilly areas and less fertile soil.
- Refinement of crop, soil, water and fertilizer management technologies. Special emphasis will be given to practices for better utilization of marginal lands.
- Strengthening of participatory Jute Farming Systems Research and fine-tuning of jute cropping patterns for different agro-ecological zones and new technologies.
- Improvement of pest management techniques to reduce pest damage to the crops and to make jute more environment friendly and cost-effective.
- Strengthening of the linkage between jute agricultural research, extension and farmers as well as the linkage between jute industrial research, pilot scale entrepreneurs and the industry, in order to accelerate the dissemination of new technology.
- Establishment of more international links with research organizations of jute producing countries and with industrial countries. The traditional links with IJO will also be strengthened. This will help BJRI scientists to acquire knowledge and enrich their research capabilities.
- Development of technology for farm-level quality seed production to meet the HYV seed shortage.
- Development of diversified jute products and fabrication of appropriate materials for diversified products. Cost-effective new jute products are needed for the domestic and international market.
- Generation of industrial technologies like paper pulp for the jute and paper pulp industries and geo-jute for road construction.
The Official web Portal of the Bangladesh Jute Research Institute – BJRI has tons of related information’s in the related field. Please visit the portal for further details.
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